In February 2023, EFSA published the final guidance document for future bird and mammal risk assessment. In a series of virtual
workshops initiated by Croplife Europe, experts will present the current status of higher tier refinement options and new innovative
approaches that meet the new guidance document expectations and propose a scientifically sound and yet practical way of conducting and evaluating them.
Within the first workshop, tier3 solutions will highlight and discuss new ideas for the derivation of bird focal species for tier3 refined risk assessments and/or higher tier studies like PT or PD field studies with participants from industry, CROs and authorities. The innovative concepts will comprise how to select suitable study sites for focal species field studies, methods in the field and selection of a List of focal species from field observations.